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Pear 'Bishop's Thumb', early September. "An old-fashioned and very excellent dessert pear; ripe in October. The tree is hardy, an abundant bearer, and succeeds well as a standard. The 'Bishop's Thumb' was formerly called 'Bishop's Tongue', and it is recorded in Leonard Meager's list of the fruits that were grown in the Brompton Park Nursery in 1690 under that name. I find from the old books of that establishment that it continued to be grown there under the same name till the end of the last century, when it was altered to 'Bishop's Thumb'. It appears also in Miller and Sweet's Catalogue in 1790 as 'Bishop's Thumb'. Fruit, large, three and a half to four inches long, and two to two and a quarter broad; oblong, narrow, pyriform, or undulating in its outline. Skin, yellowish green, covered with numerous large russety dots, and with a rusty red colour on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, small and open, with long reflexed segments, set level with the surface. Stalk, one inch long, curved, fleshy at the base, obliquely inserted, and attached to the fruit without depression. Flesh, greenish yellow, melting, and juicy, with a rich, sugary, and vinous flavour."<br />
The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain" by Robert Hogg, 1884